Tbilisi – The capital of Georgia.
“In Tbilisi there is a special charm. Were lost in contemplation of this city of a star” (Yevgeny Yevtushenk)
There is a legend of emergence of Tbilisi, which belongs to the 5th century. According to the legend, the tsar of Iberia Vakhtang Gargasali was hunting with his suite in the neighboring woods of the ancient capital of Georgia of Mtskheta once. Unexpectedly a pheasant took off from the bushes. The tsar let out a falcon, but suddenly both birds disappeared in to a gorge. After a long search hunters came across a hot spring in which they found the falcon together with the pheasant. Both birds were dead.
Vakhtang Gargasali’s attention was drawn by this hot spring source. He was determined to found the city here and named it Tbilsi (“tbit” in Georgian — warm, Tbilisi — “the city of warm keys”)
Tbilisi later became the new capitol instead of Mtskheta.
The city began to develop quickly as the shopping and craft center through passengers ways to the South to the Arab countries, on the North to Russia, on the West to Byzantium, on the East to India. Local handicraftsmen had a reputation for being high quality masters who succeeded in weapon and jewelry.
In the Middle Ages the city became famous as a spiritual center. The genius Shota Rustaveli blossomed here. Many Russian poets and writers were inspired by this blessed area. “Here Pushkin on sensual fire composed soul of the disgraced: Don’t sing, the beauty at me you songs of Georgia sad”. “Novice” ny Lermontov, “Woe from Wit” by Griboyedov, Tolstoy’s “Childhood”, “Makar Chudra” of Gorky was born here. This inspiration is quite explainable: the city lies on a poetic harmony and creates creative mood. The combination of original architecture and natural beauty gives it a unique charm and color.
Cradle of the historic center is the region of sulfuric baths – the Quarter of Abanotubani. It is exactly that place where the dead birds was found, one and a half thousand years ago, in the hot spring. It is now possible to see the original brick domes of baths which were under construction from 16th to the 19th century here. Pushkin and Dumas father was two of the famous people who was bathing here. Both left great comments in which in detail described the impressions of visit of this unique institution, so many guests of Tbilisi wanted to repeat their discoveries.
Today Tbilisi is gradually restored and reconstructed. Old houses is turned into hotels, wine cellars, cafes, cellars, gift shops. But the soul of the present Tbilisi still lives in the Old city. With charmy curved streets and lanes, terraces of the houses, court yards with carved verandahs and the linen drying on ropes, ancient churches with tile domes – it is impossible to resist these beautiful scenery!